How Many Cows Can One Bale Of Hay Feed?

How do you calculate hay for cattle?

Determine the number of bales of hay that each cow needs by dividing the cow’s yearly need by the adjusted weight of each bale.

For a cow needing 8,190 pounds of hay per year and a bale weight of 960 pounds, divide 8,190 by 960 for a yearly need of about 8.5 bales per cow..

What to feed cattle to fatten them up?

There’s a reason beef cattle are most commonly finished in feedlots. It’s because most grains have higher protein content than most grasses. It’s easier to pack on the pounds and faster to bring cattle up to market weight (1,200 to 1,500 pounds) when feeding them corn than it is to finish them on forage alone.

How many cows does a bale of hay feed?

The simple answer is that 6-9 round bales are needed to feed a cow over the winter. That’s one round bale of good quality hay per month.

What grass is bad for cows?

Small Grains (Barley, Oats, Rye, Ryegrass, Wheat, Triticale). Rapid growing, lush grasses can lead to grass tetany when grazing cattle. High-protein grasses may contribute to bloat. Nitrate toxicity risk increases with heavy nitrogen fertilization of cool-season grasses.

Can bad hay kill cows?

Toxins spill over into the blood. … Nitrites prevent oxygen from binding with red blood cells. Without oxygen, animals die. That’s how nitrate-rich hay can kill cows quickly.

How many acres does a cow calf pair need?

You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1.5 to 2 acres to feed a cow calf pair for 12 months. That means we should be able to have 10 to 13 cows. Let’s see how this rule-of-thumb holds up. It looks like our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 20 acres, is 1.8 acres per cow.

Can cows survive on grass alone?

While some cows can sustain many of their needs on grass alone, they are usually the non-lactating cows (i.e., cows that aren’t producing milk). A lactating dairy cow has a high metabolism, and is very similar to a marathon runner or high performance athlete.

Can moldy hay kill a cow?

Cattle will fight over quality hay. Moldy hay is a different story. the bloodstream. … Consuming forage tainted with dicoumarol can cause abortion in pregnant cows and the death of newborn calves.

How many cows can you put on 3 acres?

A good rule of thumb is if it is good pasture plus the ability to provide some supplemental ration = 1 head per acre.

How many cows make a living?

Rabo AgriFinance relationship manager Matt McKamey from Montana says a ranch that can support the labor and management of one family unit is in the 300- to 500-cow range. For example, say it’s 300 calves, sold at 550 pounds at an average of $1.60 a pound (all conservative numbers).

Can you feed cattle only hay?

Hay is the most commonly used winter feed for beef cattle, but it’s also the most expensive. Each cow requires a daily intake of 40 pounds of round-baled hay, which amounts to $1.61 if pricing hay at $80 per ton. … So, unless you can get hay for $40 a ton or less, your most economical choice is corn.”

Can you feed timothy hay to cows?

Timothy hay is recommended by many experts due to its ease on various animal’s digestive system as well as promotion of bowel regularity. Additionally, there have been scientific studies done that show Timothy hay is an ideal feed for pregnant or lactating cows.

How many cows can you put on 5 acres?

American average is 1.8 cows per acre. God knows where you get 0.8 of a cow. This is based on the dairy cows being rotated such that the pasture is not depleted. Based on that, 8–10 cows could graze on five acres.

Can a cow eat too much hay?

If the nutrient concentration is such that it meets the cow’s requirements, cows with unlimited access to this high quality hay, will eat more than they need. Over-eating a forage will likely not hurt the cow, but will increase feed costs. Cows over-eating grains is not a good situation.

Why do farmers feed cows corn instead of grass?

Feeding corn to cattle, instead of grass, gives the cattle more calories to digest each day. These extra calories help them to be able to grow faster. The faster the animal reaches market weight, the sooner it can be sold, the sooner the farmer/rancher gets paid.

What should you not feed cows?

Fact Sheet: Poisonous Plants For CattleLupine.Death camas.Nightshades.Poison hemlock.Water hemlock.Larkspurs (tall and low)

What is the cheapest way to feed cattle?

“Corn residue is one of the lowest cost forages on a cost per pound of energy. That’s why mixing a high energy and protein feed like distillers’ grains with a low quality forage like corn stalks is so cost effective. Distillers’ is often a low-cost source of both energy and protein.

Can you raise a cow on 1 acre?

But just because you only have a one-acre field shouldn’t preclude you from getting cows. However, you will need to purchase hay to feed them because one acre is not enough land to support anything bovine. Cows can indeed be kept on small plots—an acre or two—but they must be fed.

How many bales of hay does a cow need a day?

Cows will voluntarily consume 2.0% of body weight or 24 pounds per day. The 24 pounds is based on 100% dry matter. Grass hays will often be 7 to 10% moisture. If we assume that the hay is 92% dry matter or 8% moisture, then the cows will consume about 26 pounds per day on an “as-fed basis”.

How much hay does a calf eat per day?

Daily rations that contain 4 to 5 pounds of good-quality legume hay will have adequate protein levels for wintering calves. Late cut grass hays or those with much weather damage will need both protein and energy added to produce 1.5 pounds daily gain on calves.

What hay is best for cows?

Most experts recommend mixing alfalfa with grass hay, rather than relying exclusively on alfalfa hay. Alfalfa hay is often recommended for dairy cattle, but may not be a good fit for beef cattle, since it can lead to bloat. Legume hay is another nutritious option for cattle, since it’s high in protein.