Why Does Each State Have Its Own Constitution?

Which state have its own constitution?

Jammu and KashmirThe Constitution of India granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir among Indian states, and it was the only state in India to have a separate constitution..

Which state has the longest constitution?

The longest is Alabama’s sixth and current constitution, ratified in 1901, about 345,000 words long.

What is the difference between the US Constitution and a state constitution?

Just as the U.S. Constitution gives the rules for how the U.S. government should run, state constitutions give rules for how a state government should run. State governments operate independently from the federal government, and a state’s constitution sets out the structure and functions of its government.

Who made Samvidhan of India?

Bhimrao Ramji AmbedkarBabasaheb Ambedkar, Chairman, Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution with other members. On 17 November 1949, Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, chairman of the Drafting Committee launched the proceedings of the Constituent Assembly of India, by moving “that the Constitution as settled by the Assembly be passed”.

What are three areas usually covered in state constitutions?

decentralization issues state constitutions closely resemble the U.S. Constitution in that power is separated into three branches – executive, legislative and judicial – and government is decentralized; the governmental powers within the states are typically distributed across five possible layers, including counties, …

Who drafted Article 370?

Ayyangar was the chief drafter of Article 370 which granted local autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Which country has no written constitution?

BritainBritain is unusual in that it has an ‘unwritten’ constitution: unlike the great majority of countries there is no single legal document which sets out in one place the fundamental laws outlining how the state works. Britain’s lack of a ‘written’ constitution can be explained by its history.

What are the 3 purposes of a constitution?

First it creates a national government consisting of a legislative, an executive, and a judicial branch, with a system of checks and balances among the three branches. Second, it divides power between the federal government and the states. And third, it protects various individual liberties of American citizens.

Do state constitutions have to comply with the US Constitution?

In addition to the United States Constitution, each state has its own constitution and therefore, its own body of constitutional law as well.

What is the largest constitution in the world?

Indian constitutionIndian constitution is the longest written constitution in the world which originally had 395 articles, divided into 22 parts and 8 schedules. At present, our constitution contains 448 articles, with 12 schedules.

Why does each state need its own constitution?

In the early stages of american government each state was required to write up their own constitution and Bill of Rights so that the power was given to the states. … The primary functions of local governments are to provide services, such as schools, libraries,police and fire departments, and make and enforce laws.

Do states have separate constitutions?

In Australia, each state has its own constitution. Each state constitution preceded the federal Constitution of Australia as the constitutions of the then six self-governing colonies. Upon federation in 1901, the states ceded certain powers to the federal government under the federal constitution.

Who made Article 370 in Kashmir?

On 5 August 2019, Home Minister Amit Shah announced in the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Indian Parliament) that the President of India had issued The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019 (C.O. 272) under Article 370, superseding the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954.

Which is the most successful constitution in the world?

Indian constitutionIndian constitution is one of the most successful constitutions because it is inspired many other countries such as South Africa ,USA ,France etc.